Welcome to “Study Political Science: The Ultimate Student Guide (2024),” your essential roadmap for pursuing a degree in political science abroad. As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, the field of political science has never been more crucial. It offers unique insights into the governance systems, political behaviors, and international relations shaping our global landscape. Whether you aspire to enter politics, work in international development, or influence public policy, studying political science can open doors to influential and rewarding careers.

This guide is designed to navigate the complexities of selecting the right country and institution, understanding the application process, and making the most out of your international education experience. By choosing to study political science abroad, you will not only gain a diverse academic perspective but also develop a deeper understanding of different political environments and cultures, enriching your education and personal growth.

Embark on this exciting journey with us as we delve into the essentials of making informed decisions about your education and future career in political science. This guide will provide you with all the tools and information needed to turn your aspirations into reality.

In the following sections, we will explore various crucial aspects of studying political science abroad, from choosing the right country and university to financing your studies and preparing for a global career. Let’s start this transformative adventure together, equipped with knowledge and enthusiasm to embrace the opportunities that lie ahead in the realm of political science.

Understanding Political Science

Political Science is an academic discipline that examines the theory and practice of government and politics at local, national, and international levels. It is dedicated to understanding political systems, behaviors, and various types of governance, along with their impact on society. The field of political science prepares students to critically analyze arguments, understand political dynamics, and address complex policy issues.

Major Branches of Political Science

  1. Comparative Politics
    • Comparative Politics involves the systematic study and comparison of the world’s political systems. It explores how different political systems operate and how components such as culture, economic structures, and social contexts influence politics within a country. This branch often uses case studies to contrast political structures between nations to understand patterns of democracy, authoritarianism, and other forms of government.
  1. International Relations
    • This branch focuses on the interactions between countries, examining how they connect through trade, diplomacy, conflict, and cooperation on global issues like climate change and human rights. International Relations theories, such as realism, liberalism, and constructivism, help explain why states behave the way they do and predict how they might respond to international events.
  1. Political Theory
    • Political Theory addresses the philosophical aspects of political science, including the ethics and justifications of different types of government. It involves the study of classical texts as well as modern political essays and often debates concepts like justice, liberty, and the role of individuals within society. Political theorists refine the ideas that shape political policies and ideologies.

Career Paths in Political Science

Studying political science opens up a variety of career opportunities, reflecting the diverse nature of the field:

  • Government and Public Service: Many political science graduates enter government, taking roles in local, state, or federal administrations. They may work on legislation, public administration, or become involved in electoral politics.
  • International Organizations: Graduates can work with international organizations such as the United Nations, European Union, or World Bank. These positions often focus on policy analysis, human rights, and economic development programs.
  • Diplomacy: Political science is a common stepping stone for a career in diplomacy, where one can serve as a diplomat or foreign service officer, representing their country’s interests abroad.
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs): Working with NGOs offers opportunities to engage with various global issues directly, from humanitarian aid to environmental advocacy.
  • Political Consultancy and Analysis: Political consultants use their understanding of political dynamics to advise candidates, political parties, and lobby groups. Meanwhile, political analysts might work for think tanks or media outlets, interpreting polling data and predicting election outcomes.
  • Academia and Research: For those drawn to ongoing study and teaching, academia is an inviting path. Researchers can contribute to both theoretical and applied knowledge in political science, influencing both scholarly debate and practical policy.

In the next section, we will explore how to choose the right country for your studies, considering both academic offerings and cultural experiences, to maximize your education in political science

Choosing the Right Country

When planning to study political science abroad, choosing the right country is pivotal, not just for academic excellence but also for gaining unique cultural experiences that enhance your understanding of global politics. Here we will explore top destinations for political science studies—the USA, the UK, and France—and what makes each unique.

United States of America (USA)

The USA is renowned for its robust political system and its influential role in global politics, making it a premier destination for political science students. American universities like Harvard, Stanford, and Georgetown are celebrated for their rigorous political science programs that offer a wide range of specializations, from American politics and policy studies to international relations and comparative politics. These institutions often host expert faculty members who are leaders in their fields, and offer students opportunities for internships in Washington D.C., the heart of U.S. political operations. Additionally, the diverse political landscape across the country provides a dynamic learning environment for international students.

United Kingdom (UK)

The UK offers a distinctive perspective on parliamentary systems and is known for its significant contributions to political theory and international relations. Institutions like the University of Oxford and the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) are iconic for their deep academic heritage and have produced some of the most prominent political figures and thinkers. The UK’s historical context and its role in global matters, such as its relationships within the Commonwealth and across Europe, provide a rich backdrop for studying political science. Moreover, the UK’s rigorous debate culture and vibrant political scene make it an exciting environment for students eager to engage directly with contemporary political issues.


France is ideal for students interested in European politics and the theory underpinning political systems and practices. French universities, such as Sciences Po Paris, are highly esteemed for their focus on political science and international affairs. France’s unique administrative system and its influential role in the European Union offer students practical insights into multilevel governance and international diplomacy. Additionally, studying in France offers the benefit of learning about political processes in a country known for its revolutionary history and ongoing contributions to global political thought.

Cultural Considerations

Choosing a country also involves understanding and embracing its culture. The USA, UK, and France not only offer premier educational opportunities but also diverse cultural experiences that can enhance your personal and academic growth. Whether it’s engaging with the melting pot of cultures in the USA, experiencing the historical and contemporary debates in the UK, or appreciating the rich political and intellectual traditions of France, students should consider how a country’s culture will influence their studies and personal development.

In summary, when selecting a country to study political science, consider both the academic rigor of its universities and how the geopolitical and cultural environment of the country aligns with your educational and career goals. The right choice will provide you with a deep and comprehensive understanding of global political dynamics and prepare you for a successful career in the field.

Selecting a University

Choosing the right university is just as critical as selecting the country for your studies in political science. A university that aligns with your academic goals and personal interests can profoundly impact your educational experience and career trajectory. When evaluating potential universities, consider factors such as academic reputation, faculty expertise, and campus resources.

Criteria for Choosing a University

  1. Academic Reputation
    • The academic prestige of a university often reflects the quality of education you can expect to receive. Renowned universities typically offer well-structured programs in political science that are respected globally. Academic rankings can be a useful, though not exclusive, indicator of a university’s reputation.
  1. Faculty Expertise
    • The expertise and experience of the faculty can greatly enhance the learning environment. Professors who are respected scholars in their fields bring invaluable insights and real-world perspectives to the classroom. Investigate the faculty’s publication records, their involvement in political science associations, and their roles in public discourse.
  1. Curriculum and Specializations
    • Look for programs that offer a curriculum aligning with your interests. Whether your focus is international relations, public policy, or political theory, the program should provide comprehensive coverage of these areas. Additionally, check for opportunities to specialize in a particular branch of political science.
  1. Campus Resources
    • Effective learning in political science requires access to extensive resources such as libraries, research centers, and academic journals. Also valuable are opportunities for practical experience, such as internships, workshops, and guest lectures from leading professionals in the field.
  1. Global Connections and Networking
    • Universities that facilitate networking opportunities through alumni networks, partnerships with governmental and non-governmental organizations, and connections to political institutions worldwide can significantly enhance your professional prospects.

Top Universities for Political Science

  • Harvard University, USA
    • Harvard’s Department of Government is renowned for its rigorous political science program, offering students a breadth of courses and access to world-leading scholars in the field. The university’s global alumni network and proximity to major political hubs like Washington D.C. provide unmatched professional and academic opportunities.
  • University of Oxford, UK
    • Oxford offers one of the most prestigious political science environments in the world, with a rich tradition of debate and scholarly excellence. The university’s Department of Politics and International Relations is known for its cutting-edge research and comprehensive curriculum that covers a vast range of political theories and practices.
  • Sciences Po, France
    • Sciences Po is a leading European university in the social sciences, particularly famous for its strong focus on political science and international affairs. It provides a unique bilingual (French and English) educational environment and maintains a central role in French and European political research and education.

Choosing the right university involves carefully balancing these factors against your personal and professional goals. It is advisable to visit campuses if possible, talk to current students and faculty, and review the academic and extracurricular offerings to ensure the best fit for your political science aspirations. This careful selection process will equip you with a robust foundation for a successful career in political science or related fields.

Application Process

Applying to study political science abroad involves several key steps and requires careful preparation of various documents. Understanding and following the application process meticulously will enhance your chances of gaining admission to your desired university. Here’s a detailed look at the standard application steps and the necessary documents typically required.

Application Steps

  1. Research and Selection
    • Begin by researching potential universities and their political science programs to identify those that best match your academic and career aspirations. Consider factors such as the curriculum, faculty, specialization options, and the overall university environment.
  1. Check Admission Requirements
    • Each university will have specific admission requirements. These may include prerequisite courses, language proficiency tests, and a minimum GPA. Ensure you meet these requirements before proceeding.
  1. Prepare Application Materials
    • Start gathering and preparing all the necessary application materials well in advance of the application deadlines. This preparation often involves drafting personal statements, requesting letters of recommendation, and preparing your academic transcripts.
  1. Submit Application Forms
    • Fill out the application forms with accurate information. Most universities now prefer or require online submissions through their dedicated application portals.
  1. Interviews
    • Some programs may require interviews, either in person or online. These interviews allow the admissions committee to assess your enthusiasm and suitability for the program.
  1. Application Review and Decision
    • After submitting your application, it will undergo a review process. Universities will then issue decisions which could include offers of admission, rejections, or waitlist positions.

Necessary Documents

  1. Transcripts
    • Official academic transcripts from all secondary and post-secondary institutions attended. These should include all courses taken and grades received, demonstrating your academic performance.
  1. Proof of Language Proficiency
    • Non-native English speakers usually need to provide proof of English language proficiency through standardized tests like the TOEFL or IELTS. Specific score requirements can vary by program and university.
  1. Letters of Recommendation
    • Letters from academic and/or professional references who can attest to your intellectual curiosity, academic achievements, and potential contributions to the field of political science.
  1. Personal Statement
    • A well-crafted personal statement that outlines your academic interests, professional goals, and reasons for choosing the specific program and university. This document is crucial as it gives you a chance to make a personal impression on the admissions committee.
  1. CV/Resume
    • A detailed CV or resume that includes your educational background, any work experience, internships, volunteer work, and any other activities relevant to your field of study.
  1. Standardized Test Scores
    • Depending on the program and university, you may be required to submit scores from standardized tests like the GRE (Graduate Record Examinations).
  1. Application Fee
    • Most universities require an application fee to process your application. The amount can vary widely, so it’s important to check this in advance.


Embarking on a journey to study political science abroad is an exhilarating opportunity that can profoundly shape your academic pursuits and future career. This guide has provided a comprehensive overview of the essential aspects to consider when choosing a country and university, understanding the field of political science, navigating the application process, and preparing for life as an international student.

As you move forward, remember that studying political science in a global context will not only deepen your understanding of governmental structures and political theories but also enhance your ability to critically analyze and engage with complex political scenarios. This experience will equip you with a unique set of skills and perspectives that are highly valued in today’s interconnected world.

We encourage you to approach this process with enthusiasm and diligence, utilizing the guidelines and advice provided in this guide to make informed decisions. Whether your future lies in diplomacy, international relations, public policy, or academia, the knowledge and experiences gained from studying political science abroad will serve as invaluable assets.

We wish you success as you pursue your academic goals and hope that your journey in political science will be both enlightening and transformative. May your studies lead you to contribute meaningfully to the discourse and practice of politics on a global scale.